Into my last post I gave a way to Retrieve and visualize wait events metrics from AWR with R, now it’s time for the system statistics.
So, for a particular system statistic, I’ll retrieve from the dba_hist_sysstat view:
- Its VALUE between 2 snaps
- Its VALUE per second between 2 snaps
As the VALUE is cumulative, I need to compute the difference between 2 snaps that way:
SQL> !cat check_awr_stats.sql set linesi 200 col BEGIN_INTERVAL_TIME format a28 col stat_name format a40 alter session set nls_timestamp_format='YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS'; alter session set nls_date_format='YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS'; select s.begin_interval_time,sta.stat_name,sta.VALUE, --round(((sta.VALUE)/(to_date(s.end_interval_time)-to_date(s.begin_interval_time)))/86400,2) VALUE_PER_SEC_NOT_ACCURATE, round(((sta.VALUE)/ ( (extract(day from s.END_INTERVAL_TIME)-extract(day from s.BEGIN_INTERVAL_TIME))*86400 + (extract(hour from s.END_INTERVAL_TIME)-extract(hour from s.BEGIN_INTERVAL_TIME))*3600 + (extract(minute from s.END_INTERVAL_TIME)-extract(minute from s.BEGIN_INTERVAL_TIME))*60 + (extract(second from s.END_INTERVAL_TIME)-extract(second from s.BEGIN_INTERVAL_TIME)) ) ),2) VALUE_PER_SEC from ( select instance_number,snap_id,stat_name, value - first_value(value) over (partition by stat_name order by snap_id rows 1 preceding) "VALUE" from dba_hist_sysstat where stat_name like nvl('&stat_name',stat_name) and instance_number = (select instance_number from v$instance) ) sta, dba_hist_snapshot s where sta.instance_number=s.instance_number and sta.snap_id=s.snap_id and s.BEGIN_INTERVAL_TIME >= trunc(sysdate-&sysdate_nb_day_begin_interval+1) and s.BEGIN_INTERVAL_TIME <= trunc(sysdate-&sysdate_nb_day_end_interval+1) order by s.begin_interval_time asc;
I use the “partition by stat_name order by snap_id rows 1 preceding” to compute the difference between snaps par stat_name.
I also use Extract to get an accurate value per second, you should read this blog post to understand why.
The output is like:
SQL> @check_awr_stats.sql Session altered. Session altered. Enter value for stat_name: physical reads old 17: where stat_name like nvl('&stat_name',stat_name) new 17: where stat_name like nvl('physical reads',stat_name) Enter value for sysdate_nb_day_begin_interval: 7 old 22: and s.BEGIN_INTERVAL_TIME >= trunc(sysdate-&sysdate_nb_day_begin_interval+1) new 22: and s.BEGIN_INTERVAL_TIME >= trunc(sysdate-7+1) Enter value for sysdate_nb_day_end_interval: 0 old 23: and s.BEGIN_INTERVAL_TIME <= trunc(sysdate-&sysdate_nb_day_end_interval+1) new 23: and s.BEGIN_INTERVAL_TIME <= trunc(sysdate-0+1) BEGIN_INTERVAL_TIME STAT_NAME VALUE VALUE_PER_SEC ---------------------------- ---------------------------------------- ---------- ------------- 2013/03/21 00:00:12 physical reads 1363483 1132.11 2013/03/21 00:20:17 physical reads 260228 216.04 2013/03/21 00:40:21 physical reads 29573 24.56 2013/03/21 01:00:25 physical reads 231492 192.18 2013/03/21 01:20:30 physical reads 494749 410.7 2013/03/21 01:40:35 physical reads 232803 193.02 2013/03/21 02:00:41 physical reads 318803 264.66 2013/03/21 02:20:45 physical reads 1253398 1039.57 2013/03/21 02:40:51 physical reads 2064294 1711.98 2013/03/21 03:00:57 physical reads 503404 439.13 2013/03/21 03:20:03 physical reads 138052 114.59
So if you use this sql, you’ll be able to see for a particular system statistic its historical behaviour. That’s fine and I used it a lot of times.
But I like also to have a graphical view of what’s going on, and that is exactly where R comes into play.
I created a R script named: graph_awr_sysstat.r (You can download it from this repository) that provides:
- A graph for the VALUE metric over the period of time
- A graph for the VALUE per second metric over the period of time
- A graph for the Histogram of VALUE over the period of time
- A graph for the Histogram of VALUE per second over the period of time
- A pdf file that contains those graphs
- A text file that contains the metrics used to build the graphs
The graphs will come from both outputs (X11 and the pdf file). In case the X11 environment does not work, the pdf file is generated anyway.
As a graphical view is better to understand, let’s have a look how it works and what the display is:
For example, let’s focus on the “physical reads” system statistic over the last 7 days that way:
./graph_awr_sysstat.r Building the thin jdbc connection string.... host ?: bdt_host port ?: 1521 service_name ?: bdt system password ?: XXXXXXXX Display which sysstat (no quotation marks) ?: physical reads Please enter nb_day_begin_interval: 7 Please enter nb_day_end_interval: 0 Loading required package: methods Loading required package: DBI Loading required package: rJava  11 Please enter any key to exit:
The output will be like:
and the physical_reads pdf file will be generated as well.
As you can see, you are prompted for:
- jdbc thin “like” details to connect to the database (You can launch the R script outside the host hosting the database)
- oracle system user password
- The statistic we want to focus on
- Number of days to go back as the time frame starting point
- Number of days to go back as the time frame ending point
- You need to purchase the Diagnostic Pack in order to be allowed to query the AWR repository.
- If the script has been launched with X11 not working properly, you’ll get:
Loading required package: methods Loading required package: DBI Loading required package: rJava  "Not able to display, so only pdf generation..." Warning message: In x11(width = 15, height = 10) : unable to open connection to X11 display ''  11 Please enter any key to exit:
But the script takes care of it and the pdf file will be generated anyway.
We are able to display graphically AWR historical metrics for a particular statistic over a period of time with the help of a single script named: graph_awr_sysstat.r (You can download it from this repository).
If you don’t have R installed:
- you can use the sql provided at the beginning of this post to get at least a “text” view of the historical metrics.
- Install it :-) (See “Getting Starting” from this link)
Update: If you want to see the same metrics in real time then you could have a look to this post.